From the beginning, we Nepalese have been struggling, worrying and demanding the lost Land of Nepal after sugauli treaty which happened between the then government of East India Company and Nepal. Aggressive rebel voices are rolling time and again from the mouths of Nepalese Leaders and general public.
With the intimidation, threat and coercion East India Company concluded the Sugauli treaty on March 4, 1816. Nepal lost almost one-third of its territory on the east, south and west as the result. Article 9 of the treaty says that the treaty shall be approved by the King of Nepal, but there is no such record of the treaty being approved by King Girwana Yuddha Bikram Shah. Hence, the legality of the treaty is groundless. However, British entered into Titaliya Treaty with Sikkim on February 10, 1817, and gave the land it had snatched away from Nepal to Sikkim hurting the souls of Prithivi Narayan Shah, Bahadur Shah , and rest Martyrs which is against treaty provisions of the International law norms. Also, had the Sugauli Treaty was done on a permanent basis, Nepal would not have received back those lands of Banke, Bardia, Kailali and Kanchanpur districts.
The Sugauli Treaty is no more in existence after the British rulers quit India. The dismissal of Sugauli treaty defines Nepalese territory as automatically as that before the war of 1841-1816 between Nepal and British India. After the dismissal of Sugauli Treaty by a Treaty of 1950, Nepal has already regained extended wings from Teesta in the east to Kangara Fort in the west before the treaty with the total area was 267,575 square kilometers. However, the territory is still in the control of India. Cordially Indian government should return the Nepalese lands and should not see Nepal through vulture’s sight. Indian government takes active participation in Nepalese politics showing the co-operations of billions of rupees to Nepal hiding the fact that India earns thousands of billions rupees from forcefully controlled parts of Nepal like Darjeeling. If Pakistan could get a sovereign state after claiming sovereign statehood, Nepal also deserves such right. Eventhough, our voices have already reached to India they are not listening.
Leaders like Prachanda has aready started openly speaking against the injustice of the Sugauli Treaty along with civil society, farmers and entrepreneur. As every corners of Nepal is unmanaged and unscientific and Nepalese wish seems covered by clouds in this atmosphere. When there is economic and social progress Nepalese could return those lands of the Greater Nepal that was earned by our ancestors. China could have never regained Hong Kong and Macau if it were not becoming a prosperous country. Likewise, Nepal needs a national commitment to development and prosperity to regain the lost land.